Wellington, Duke of

(Arthur Wellesley)
(1769-1852)
   The British general who helped liberate Portugal from French occupation under Napoleon's armies (1808-11), turned back three French invasions, and enabled Portugal to reassert its independence as a nation-state. Born in Ireland, Arthur Wellesley became the most talented and honored soldier of several generations during the first half of the 19th century. He attended Great Britain's famed public school, Eton, and entered the British army and first served in the Low Countries in the 1790s and then in campaigns in British India and the 1807 Copenhagen expedition.
   When the British government decided to send an expedition to oppose Napoleon's occupation of Portugal, Wellesley was appointed commander of the force, which landed at the mouth of the Mondego River on 1 August 1808. For the next three years, the famous lieutenant general led Anglo-Portuguese forces against the three French invasions and, by 1811, had defeated the French. Wellington's forces proceeded across the frontier into Spain where, for the next two years, the allied forces fought victoriously against the French. Wellington received a number of honors, titles, and decorations from Portugal for his heroic efforts; after the final expulsion of French forces under Masséna, in 1810, Portugal's government granted Wellington—among other honors—the title of viscount of Vimieiro and the medal the Grand Cross of the Tower and the Sword (Torre e Espada).

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wellington, Duke of — Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of (1769–1852)    With the possible exception of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, the Duke of Wellington was Britain’s greatest general, with an almost uninterrupted string of battlefield successes, most… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Wellington — the capital city of New Zealand, on the ↑North Island, the country s second largest city and an important port Wellington 2 Wellington, Duke of →↑Duke of Wellington, the …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Duke of Wellington — The Dukedom of Wellington, derived from Wellington in Somerset, is an hereditary title and the senior rank in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first holder of the title was Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769 ndash;1852), the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wellington (disambiguation) — Wellington is New Zealand s capital city. Otherwise the name Wellington has most often been used in memory of Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington, named after the town of Wellington, Somerset in England. Military * HMNZS Wellington ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Wellington Monument — may refer to any one of the monuments to Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, a leading British political and military figure of the 19th Century, particularly noted for his defeat of Napoleon in the Battle of Waterloo. Among the monuments… …   Wikipedia

  • Wellington — Wellington …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wellington —    , WELLINGTON BOOTS,    Arthur Wellesly (1769 1852) was the first Duke of Wellington and one of Britain s most renowned generals. The duke s military experience is a tale of a successful strategist, from India to Waterloo, culminating in the… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Wellington (Begriffsklärung) — Wellington bezeichnet einen britischen Adelstitel, siehe Duke of Wellington als „General Wellington“ oder ohne weitere Zusätze meist Arthur Wellesley, 1. Duke of Wellington H.Q.S. Wellington, ein Schiff, welches auf der Themse in London vor Anker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wellington [2] — Wellington, Sir Arthur Wellesley, Herzog von W., Fürst von Waterloo, brit. Feldherr und Staatsmann, geb. 29. April 1769 in Dublin als dritter Sohn des Grafen von Mornington (s. Wellesley), gest. 14. Sept. 1852, erzogen in Eton und in der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Duke of Wellington (Дюк оф Веллингтон) — «Duke of Wellington» («Дюк оф Веллингтон») паровой линейный корабль (Великобритания) Тип: паровой линейный корабль (Великобритания). Водоизмещение: 5922 тонны. Размеры: 73 м х 18 м х 7,5 м. Силовая установка: одновальная, компаунд машина 1 .… …   Энциклопедия кораблей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.